AskDefine | Define oke

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

okkah, from ?k?yah, wak?yah, probably from an ounce, from uncia.

Noun

  1. A Turkish, Egyptian, Hungarian and Wallachian weight, equal to about 2 & 3/4 lbs.

References

Extensive Definition

For the Ottoman unit of weight, see Oka (measure)
The , were branches of the Japanese Imperial Family created from branches of the Fushimi-no-miya house. All but one of the ōke were formed by the descendants of Prince Fushimi Kuniye. The ōke were stripped of their membership in the Imperial Family by the American Occupation Authorities in October 1947, as part of the abolition of collateral imperial houses. After that point, only the immediate family of Hirohito and those of his three brothers retained membership in the Imperial Family. However, unofficial heads of these collateral families still exist for most and are listed herein. The ōke were, in order of founding:
  • 梨本 Nashimoto
  • 久邇 Kuni
  • 山階 Yamashina (extinct)
  • 華頂 Kachō or Kwachō (extinct)
  • 北白川 Kitashirakawa
  • 東伏見 Higashifushimi or Komatsu (小松) (extinct)
  • 賀陽 Kaya
  • 朝香 Asaka
  • 東久邇 Higashikuni
  • 竹田 Takeda
Unless otherwise stated, all princes listed herein are the sons of their predecessor.

Nashimoto-no-miya

The Nashimoto-no-miya house was formed by Prince Moriosa, son of Prince Fushimi Sadayoshi (father of Prince Fushimi Kuniye)

Kuni-no-miya

The Kuni-no-miya house was formed by Prince Asahiko, fourth son of Prince Fushimi Kuniye

Yamashina-no-miya

The Yamashina-no-miya house was formed by Prince Akira, eldest son of Fushimi Kuniye.
The Yamashina-no-miya became extinct with the death of Yamashina Takehiko.

Kwachō-no-miya

The Kwachō-no-miya (or Kachō-no-miya) house was formed by Prince Hirotsune, son of Prince Fushimi Kuniye.
The Kwacho-no-miya became extinct with the death of Prince Kwacho Hirotada. The line of descent was continued through the kazoku peerage under Kwacho Hironobu.

Kitashirakawa-no-miya

The Kitashirakawa-no-miya house was formed by Prince Toshinari, eighth son of Prince Fushimi Kuniye

Higashifushimi-no-miya / Komatsu-no-miya

The Higashifushimi-no-miya house was formed by Prince Yoshiaki, seventh son of Prince Fushimi Kuniye.
In 1931, Emperor Hirohito directed his brother-in-law, Prince Kuni Kunihide, to leave Imperial Family status and become Count Higashifushimi Kunihide (hakushaku under the kazoku peerage system), to prevent the Higashifushimi name from extinction. Dowager Princess Higashifushimi Kaneko became a commoner on 14 October 1947. She died in Tokyo in 1948.

Kaya-no-miya

The Kaya-no-miya house was formed by Prince Kuninori, second son of Prince Kuni Asahiko (first Kuni-no-miya, see above)

Asaka-no-miya

The Asaka-no-miya house was formed by Prince Yasuhiko, eighth son of Prince Kuni Asahiko.

Higashikuni-no-miya

The Higashikuni-no-miya house was formed by Prince Naruhiko, ninth son of Prince Kuni Asahiko.
Prince Higashikuni Nobuhiko became simply "Higashikuni Nobuhiko" after the abolition of the Japanese aristocracy during the American occupation of Japan in 1946.

Takeda-no-miya

The Takeda-no-miya house was formed by Prince Tsunehisa, eldest son of Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa (second Kitashirakawa-no-miya).

References

  • Fujitani,T. Splendid Monarchy: Power and Pageantry in Modern Japan. University of California Press; Reprint edition (1998). ISBN 0-520-21371-8
  • Lebra, Sugiyama Takie. Above the Clouds: Status Culture of the Modern Japanese Nobility. University of California Press (1995). ISBN 0-520-07602-8
oke in Japanese: 旧皇族
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